Economics & Politics, Health, Maternal and Newborn Health
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Acting on the Call: Ending Preventable Maternal and Child Deaths

USAID Administrator Raj Shah and Girls' Globe blogger Elisabeth Epstein. Photo c/o the amazing Nicole Schiegg, Consultant for the United Nation's Every Woman Every Child campaign

USAID Administrator Raj Shah and Girls’ Globe blogger Elisabeth Epstein. Photo c/o the amazing Nicole Schiegg, Consultant for the United Nation’s Every Woman Every Child campaign.

On Wednesday, I had the exciting opportunity to attend the Acting on the Call event at which governments, organizations and advocates alike joined forces to emphasize the urgency of including a global focus, strategy and goals for ending preventable maternal and child deaths in the post-2015 agenda.

At the event, the United States Agency of International Development (USAID) launched its Acting on the Call Action Plan and its 2014-2020 Maternal Health Vision for Action.

The Action Plan outlines five strategic focus areas and actions:

  1. Increase efforts in countries that account for the largest share of under-five deaths;
  2. Reach the most underserved populations;
  3. Target priority causes of mortality with innovation efforts and interventions poised to go at scale;
  4. Invest beyond health programs to include empowering women and supporting an enabling environment; and
  5. Create transparency and mutual accountability at all levels, with strengthened commitment to common metrics for tracking purposes.

The Vision highlights the importance of enabling and mobilizing individuals and communities; advancing quality and respectful care; and strengthening health systems and continuous learning. Included in the policy is the goal to end preventable maternal mortality (EPMM) with a target maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of less than 50 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births by 2035. To put that in perspective, the 2010 global MMR was over 200 deaths per 100,000 live births.

In order to achieve the targets stated in the Vision, USAID is committed to supporting ten strategic drivers:

  1. Improve individual, household, and community behaviors and norms;
  2. Improve equity of access to and use of services by the most vulnerable;
  3. Strengthen integration of maternal health services with family planning;
  4. Scale up quality maternal and fetal health care;
  5. Prevent, diagnose, and treat the indirect causes of maternal mortality and poor birth outcomes;
  6. Increase focus on averting and addressing maternal morbidity and disability;
  7. Advance choice and respectful maternity care and improve working conditions for providers;
  8. Strengthen and support health systems;
  9. Promote data for decision-making and accountability; and
  10. Promote innovation and research for policy and programs.

Even though the world has made considerable progress in the past two and a half decades, we must remember that 289,000 women worldwide still die each year as a result of pregnancy and childbirth – the majority of whom live in developing nations.

When a mother dies as a result of pregnancy or childbirth, it threatens her newborn’s chance of survival, lowers her other children’s chances for survival and education, and hurts her family and her country’s prosperity.” – Raj Shah, USAID Administrator

However, the conversation must not stop with maternal deaths. An estimated 190 million women become pregnant each year. Of those 190 million pregnancies, only 122 million result in a live birth and of those 122 million live births, 10 percent suffer from complications and disabilities. Stillbirths, miscarriages and abortions have thus far gone relatively uncounted and unnoticed in global and regional development programs.

The good news is that the issue of newborn health is gaining momentum. In addition to the wonderful and engaging event with hundreds of changemakers in Washington, DC, TIME Magazine brought attention to newborn health by predominantly featuring a photograph of a premature infant on its June cover along with the headline and related article, ‘Saving Preemies.’ The Lancet, an esteemed medical journal, also recently published its Every Newborn Series, a series of reports that now serve as the foundation for the Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP) – a plan that calls for a renewed global commitment to dramatically improve the health and survival of newborn babies and women and end preventable stillbirths within our generation.

Key findings from the series include:

  • Increasing the amount, availability and accessibility of skilled birth attendants can save 3 million lives by 2025.
  • Newborn deaths account for 44 percent of under-5 deaths.
  • Almost 50 percent of stillbirths occur during labor.
  • 1 million babies die on the day they are born, mostly from preventable causes.
  • More than 75 percent of newborn deaths are in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • It would take only USD $1.15 per person to save 3 million women, newborns and stillbirths by 2025.
  • Every year, 2.9 million newborn babies die and 2.6 million are stillborn.

Rather than reading organizations’ commitments to end preventable maternal and newborn deaths, I wanted to hear them from the source. I interviewed several high-ranking officials from development entities and asked them how their organization plans to commit to deliver for women’s and children’s health.

Raj Shah, USAID Administrator

Lisa Schectman, Director of Policy and Advocacy at WaterAid America

Purnima Mane, President and CEO of Pathfinder International

An Instagram interview is a wonderful tool to share organizational commitments in a lightning fast manner. However, I wanted to know more. In order to garner a deeper understanding, I recorded podcast interviews with several more attendees:

Stephanie Lynn Bowen, Senior Communications Manager for Mobile Alliance for Maternal Action (MAMA)

Q: What are some of the broader economic, health and social benefits that arise when you invest in women’s and children’s health?

Lisa Schechtman, Director of Policy and Advocacy at WaterAid America

Q: The global community has made significant progress in saving the lives of women and children. What do you think stands out as a key accomplishment?

Kate Dodson, Vice President for Global Health at the United Nations Foundation

Q: Remaining gaps can be solved through partnership. Where is political will and commitment for women’s and children’s health needed most?

Going forward, the world must remember and, more importantly, act upon these and other commitments to end preventable maternal and child deaths. We can and must do more for women and newborns. If global leaders, organizations and advocates continue this shared fight for justice, I am sure that one day in the not too distant future I will be able to proudly say that the issue of ending preventable maternal and child deaths is a thing of the past – and that I was lucky enough to help.

2014-06-25Read more about ending preventable maternal and child deaths:

Special thanks goes out to Matt Matassa and Anne McNulty of FHI360 for letting me borrow their camera and recording equipment!

Girls’ Globe will be at the Third Partners Forum in Johannesburg for the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, taking place on 30 June – 1 July 2014. Follow the discussion on Twitter via #PMNCHLive and @PMNCH and sign up for the Daily Delivery for up-to-date news from Johannesburg! 

 

by

Hi everyone! I recently earned my Master’s degree in International Development from The New School in New York City in May 2012. With a concentration in International Development and Global Health, I have worked behind the scenes as a Research Intern for the PBS documentary Half the Sky in addition to serving as the Research and Advocacy Intern for The Hunger Project. Globally, I have taught English to kindergartners in China, have researched clean water and HIV/AIDS in Kenya, and have gained first-hand experience understanding how migrants and refugees deal with public health issues in both Mexico and Thailand. I am especially interested in food security, nutrition and hunger and the role of women and girls in each of these issues. In my free time, I enjoy playing with my ever-so-fluffy Siberian Husky, eating delicious food, training for marathons and traveling. Follow me on Twitter @E_Epstein!

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